Lesson 1 || Introduction

Yr 9/10 Art,

Welcome to Lesson 1, today we will be learning about the history of Portaiture.

Portraiture is the creation of an artistic representation of a person.

It is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person. For this reason, in photography a portrait is generally not a snapshot (point and shoot), but a composed and planned image of a person in a still position. A portrait often shows a person looking directly at the painter or photographer camera, in order to most successfully engage the subject with the viewer.

Some of the earliest surviving painted portraits of people, who were not kings or emperors, are the portraits of the dead mummys. That have survived in the dry climate of Egypt's Fayum district, where some remain today. These are almost the only paintings from the classical world that have survived though many sculptures survive. The oldest portraits recorded are of royal kings and emperors on coins.

The art of the portrait flourished in Ancient Greek and especially Roman sculpture, where people demanded individualised and realistic portraits, even unflattering ones. During the 4th century, the portrait began to retreat in favor of an idealised symbol of what that person looked like. In Europe of the Early Middle Ages representations of individuals are mostly generalised.

Mona Lisa - Leonardo da Vinci

One of the most well known portraits.

The individuals portrayed would have been recognizable without the need for other symbols or a written reference to their names. The individuals portrayed were members of the ruling elite, priests, warriors and even distinguished artisans. To date, no portraits of women have been found. There is particular emphasis on the representation of the details of headdresses, hairstyles, body adornment and face painting . The worlds most famous portrait is Leonardo da Vinci's painting titled Mona Lisa.

Portraitists create their work by commission, for public and private persons, or are inspired by admiration or affection for the subject . Portraits are often important state and family records, as well as remembrances including death masks for the Egyptian royals back in the 13th Century BC.

Historically, portraits have primarily memorialized the rich and powerful. Over time, however, it became more common for middle-class patrons to commission portraits of their families and colleagues. Today, the portraits are reguarly commissioned many people. Governments, corporations, groups, clubs, and individuals still commission Portrait Paintings, yet the most common portrait in the 21st Century.

 

 

Activity:

Note that these questions will be on your test in Lesson 6.

not of kings or emperors.
Rome, Italy Fayum District, Egypt Sydney Gallery of Modern Portraits, Australia


On Wooden Posts On Coins On the Internet


The Scream Girl with a Pearl Earring Mona Lisa